Stiffened Hollow Structural Section Joints in Fire
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Keywords:Stiffened Hollow, Joints, Wall Thickness
This research examines the ability of stiffened Hollow Structural joints to withstand elevated temperatures when subjected to axial compressive loads on the brace. Extensive numerical simulations were conducted to assess the impact of geometrical factors in the main members and reinforcing plate on the fire resistance of SHS T-joints. The accuracy of the numerical models was verified by comparing them to existing test results. The findings demonstrate that the use of stiffener significantly enhances the ability of SHS T-joints to withstand elevated temperatures. The fire resistance of the reinforced joints primarily relied on the brace-to-chord width ratio and the reinforcing plate thickness to chord wall thickness ratio. However, increasing the reinforcing plate thickness beyond 1.5 times the chord wall thickness did not yield any beneficial effects on fire resistance. Additionally, factors such as half-width to thickness ratio of the chord, reinforcing length, and reinforcing type had negligible effects as long as they adhered to the required limit values based on Eurocode 3 EN 1993-1-8.