Developments in Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs): A Review
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Keywords:Advance, Progress, USV, Drone Boat, Robotics
Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) have witnessed significant advancements in recent years, revolutionizing various domains that require marine operations. This abstract presents a review of the developments in USVs, focusing on their applications, technological advancements, and associated benefits. USVs have emerged as invaluable tools for data collection studies, particularly in environmental monitoring and marine production policies. They offer a cost-effective and efficient means of gathering critical data, aiding decision-making processes in these fields. Additionally, USVs have proven instrumental in the surveillance of territorial waters, safeguarding offshore systems, and supporting oil and fuel activities in the Arctic regions. These capabilities have resulted in improved security, enhanced operational efficiency, and reduced risks for personnel involved in these operations. Technological advancements in USVs have played a pivotal role in their evolution. Enhanced autonomy, sensor integration, and communication systems have enabled USVs to operate autonomously or in collaboration with manned vessels, expanding their capabilities and versatility. Moreover, improvements in navigation systems, obstacle avoidance mechanisms, and power management have significantly enhanced the reliability and endurance of USVs, allowing them to undertake extended missions with minimal human intervention. In conclusion, the developments in unmanned surface vehicles have transformed the way marine operations are conducted. With their wide-ranging applications, technological advancements, and associated benefits, USVs have proven to be indispensable assets in various domains. As research and innovation continue to propel the field forward, USVs are poised to play an even more significant role in the future of marine operations, further improving efficiency, safety, and sustainability.