Application of 3D Printing for the Parametric Models Fabrication in the Architectural Education

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  • Ernest Shtepani Tirana Metropolitan University
  • Anna Yunitsyna Epoka University


3D Printing, Digital Fabrication, Parametric Modeling, Architectural Education


Model making is one of the most important visualization skills, which architecture students learn during their education. The recent development and wide accessibility of the digital fabrication technologies allows students to use the CNC machines for the production of the scaled building models. Digital fabrication techniques allows to produce models, which  are more presized, accurate, uniform in material and free of human errors, but at the same time it requires the understanding of the technology limitations and an additional efforts at the file preparation stage. This paper is focused on the evaluation of the 3D printing technique by the group of architectural students. During the lesson they were asked to design a tower using the parametric modeling tools, to prepare the files for printing and to evaluate the result. Students compared the 3D printing with the conventional manual model making and expressed their expectations, concerns and disappointments by the rapid prototyping technology. Based on the student survey, the advantages and disadvantages of the additive manufacturing are evaluated. Further, its applicability for architectural education and limitations at the current stage of development are discussed.

Author Biographies

Ernest Shtepani, Tirana Metropolitan University

Department of Architecture, Albania

Anna Yunitsyna, Epoka University

Department of Architecture, Albania


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How to Cite

Shtepani, E., & Yunitsyna, A. (2023). Application of 3D Printing for the Parametric Models Fabrication in the Architectural Education. International Conference on Frontiers in Academic Research, 1, 155–161. Retrieved from