IoT Technology in Smart Agriculture
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Keywords:IoT, Smart Agriculture, Precision Farming, Sensor Networks, Machine Learning
– In recent years, IoT technology has been increasingly used in the agriculture sector, making it smarter with its usage. This study examines the application areas of IoT technology in the agriculture sector, the advantages it provides, and the necessary equipment for these applications. IoT technology provides advantages in improving efficiency, reducing production costs, increasing product quality, ensuring sustainability, and facilitating resource management in the agriculture sector. There are various applications in agriculture, such as smart greenhouse systems, soil moisture and temperature sensors, automation of farming machinery, animal tracking and health monitoring, plant disease and pest monitoring, grain storage monitoring, data analysis, and artificial intelligence. The necessary equipment for IoT applications includes sensors, actuators, wireless networks, data storage and processing devices, cameras and imaging systems, and GPS devices, allowing farmers to collect real-time data on weather conditions, soil moisture levels, plant diseases, and pests in their fields. This study explains the advantages and application areas of IoT technologies in the agriculture sector, demonstrating to researchers and farmers how to use them to increase efficiency and ensure sustainability in the agriculture sector. Additionally, the study identifies the necessary resources for the implementation of these technologies, including the required equipment for IoT applications. Therefore, this study can be beneficial in the decision-making process of researches and industry leaders who follow innovative applications and technologies in the agriculture sector.