Holocene Evolutionary Line for Liliaceae Plants in Central Albania
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Keywords:Paleopalynological, New Holocene, Liliaceae Family, Palynomorphs, Elbasan
The paleopalynological data presented in this scientific work were carried out in the soil deposits of Elbasan city, an ancient city located in Central Albania. For this scientific paper, data on the evolutionary line that the representatives of the Liliaceae family have followed for centuries have been presented. The time that is determined based on archaeological studies for the underground of Elbasan, corresponds to the period of the New Holocene. The main goal of this scientific work is to present the relationship between the presence of Liliaceae fossil pollen found in different depths of the earth, with its distribution in different time phases. Paleopalynological data for Liliaceae plants, during the analyzed period October-November 2022, are provided for the first time. Starting from the data obtained after the chemical and statistical analysis of the fossil pollen of Liliaceae plants, we have reached very interesting results, where we mention the fact of finding Liliaceae family palynomorphs at all soil depths, which corresponds to the entire New Holocene period to the present day. There is also a total of 828 fossil pollens that present an increasing trend from depth to the surface. Based on the results achieved, we are mainly of the opinion that: the change in vegetation presented over the years is related to the human influence in the cultivation of important and necessary plants for it, since the review of the literature does not reveal other factors that may have had a flora impact.
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