Purified natural coagulant protein from green bean and pigeon pea seed for turbidity removal

Abstract views: 239 / PDF downloads: 270


  • Amina Adedoja OWODUNNI Universiti Sains
  • Suzylawati ISMAIL Nibong Tebal


Turbidity Removal, Natural Coagulant, Green Bean, Pigeon Pea, Isoelectric Protein Precipitation


This work studies the effect of extraction, and purification treatment of pigeon peas (PiP) and green bean (GB) seeds as a natural coagulant for turbidity removal from wastewater. NaCl was used to extract the active coagulation agents from the seed samples and was further purified with the protein isoelectric precipitation method to obtain a purified coagulant. The turbidity removal efficiency of the coagulants was evaluated, and the purified protein coagulants were characterised using the FTIR analysis. The purified protein coagulants resulted in higher turbidity removal of 97.17% and 97.03% for PiP and GB, respectively. The FTIR analysis of the seed powder samples supported the findings. It is concluded that purified protein coagulant from green beans and pigeon peas effectively removed suspended solids from water while maintaining the organic matter (COD) level in the treated water. 

Author Biographies

Amina Adedoja OWODUNNI, Universiti Sains

School of Chemical Engineering, Malaysia

Suzylawati ISMAIL, Nibong Tebal

Engineering Campus, 14300, Penang, Malaysia




How to Cite

OWODUNNI, A. A., & ISMAIL, S. (2023). Purified natural coagulant protein from green bean and pigeon pea seed for turbidity removal. International Conference on Trends in Advanced Research, 1, 1–4. Retrieved from https://as-proceeding.com/index.php/ictar/article/view/132