The Influencing Factors on Self-Esteem of Adolescents

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  • Dorina Xhani European University of Tirana



Adolescence, Self-Esteem, Attachment, Parent, Gender


Self-esteem in adolescents has a very big impact on how they see themselves, how they value it and the relationships they create. Self-esteem is a general assessment of the value of the individual, which can be expressed positively or negatively towards oneself. Its development begins at birth and continues to change under the influence of experience. During adolescence, self-esteem is directly influenced by the main factor that is the family. The relationship a child builds with parents at birth comes as a result of secure attachment or insecure attachment. The aim of this study will be to analyze the correlation between selfesteem and the main factor influencing self-esteem, which is attachment parenting. This study is based on research questions that have as their main objective the relationship between self-esteem and the factors that affect it, in adolescents. For this purpose, a sample of 90 students aged 15-18 years were randomly selected from the state high school (Zejmen school, Albania). This research is based on quantitative data collection. Two questionnaires were used including the Inventory Parent and Peer Attachment Scale (IPPA) and the self-assessment scale. The results of the study showed obvious links between self-esteem and attachment. The teens showed high self-esteem and a secure attachment with their parents. Attachment turned out to have a significant relationship with self-esteem and the more secure the attachment the higher the self-esteem would result. Regarding the gender differences between girls and boys in the level of selfesteem, no significant differences were found.


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Author Biography

Dorina Xhani, European University of Tirana

Department of Psychology,  Albania


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How to Cite

Xhani, D. (2023). The Influencing Factors on Self-Esteem of Adolescents. International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches, 7(9), 181–188.

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