A Novel Safety Sensor Design for Elevator Leveling and Early Door Opening Applications Considering Signal Integrity
Abstract views: 24 / PDF downloads: 14
Keywords:Elevator, , Early Door Opening, Infrared Light Transmitter, Levelling, Sensor, Signal Integrity Level
The elevators are a common part of our life and day by day being increased the elevator abilities to rich the fast of day. High level passenger elevators have special traffic control strategies such as high speed, low noise and more to save time and energy. New elevators need high performance level sensors to move in safe and obtain high reliability in case of early door opening and leveling procedure. On the contrary, many elevators model uses reed relay based magnetic sensor to run. Moreover, magnetic sensing sensor has only two contacts and not electronically device inside it to obtain safe. Aim of this study is to reduce elevator accident related to sensor based. Unreliable and ordinary sensors could lead accident because of sensor behavior. In this study, a new generation infrared radiation sensor was designed and implemented for real applications by performing a risk analysis, considering the elevator electrical connection diagram. In this study, designed novel sensor has two sensing section to decide the right signal evaluation. Designed sensor has two channel outputs for the control boards and control boards evaluate the elevator situations in safe.
www.gnel.ir/files/EN81-1E.pdf, EN 81-1.pdf, last access: 03 jan. 2016.
https://law.resource.org/pub/us/code/ibr/asme.a17.1.2007.pdf, last access: 03 jan. 2016.
Brown, Simon. "Overview of IEC 61508. Design of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems." Computing & Control Engineering Journal 11.1 (2000): 6-12.
Baybutt, Paul. "An improved risk graph approach for determination of safety integrity levels (SILs)." Process safety progress 26.1 (2007): 66-76.
 Bell, Ron. "Introduction to IEC 61508." Proceedings of the 10th Australian workshop on Safety critical systems and software-Volume 55. Australian Computer Society, Inc., 2006.
Brian C. Smith, Infrared Spectral Interpretation: A Systematic Approach, CRC press, 1998.
David K. Lynch, William Charles Livingston, Color and Light in Nature, Cambridge University Press, Second Edition, 2001.
Michael Rowan-Robinson, "Night Vision: Exploring the Infrared Universe". p. 23. Cambridge University Press,2013.
Schubert, E. Fred, Thomas Gessmann, and Jong Kyu Kim. Light emitting diodes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
D'Andrade, Brian W., and Stephen R. Forrest. "White organic light‐emitting devices for solid‐state lighting." Advanced Materials 16.18, pp: 1585-1595, 2004.
Nakamura, Shuji. "Current status of GaN-based solid-state lighting." MRS bulletin 34.02, pp: 101-107, 2009.
H. A. Macleod, “Thin Film Optical Filters”, 3rd Edition, Institute of Physics, London, 2001.
Kochergin, Vladimir, “Omnidirectional Optical Filters”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 7th Press, 2003.
http://www.hoyaoptics.com/color_filter/ir_transmitting.htm, R70.pdf, last access: 03.01.2016.
Akdemir. B, Two-Terminal Self Powered Magnetic Sensor with Warning Lights for Elevator Applications, international Journal of Electronics and Electrical engineering Vol:4, no:2, pp:172-176, doi:10.18178/ijeee.4.2.172-176, April, 2015.
Jemaa, N. Ben, L. Nedelec, and S. Benhenda. "Break arc duration and contact erosion in automotive application." Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part A, IEEE Transactions on 19.1 (1996): 82-86.
Wagar, Harold N. "Predicting the erosion of switching contacts that break inductive loads." Parts, Materials and Packaging, IEEE Transactions on 5.1 (1969): 16-24.
Kadah, Andrew S. "Solid state/electromechanical hybrid relay." U.S. Patent No. 5,699,218. 16 Dec. 1997.
 R. Schlegel, “Reliability and Testing”, Section 4, ABB semiconductors AG, GTO databook
Hemminger, Rodney C., Mark L. Munday, and Fred F. Schleifer. "Switching power supply for use in an electronic energy meter having a wide range of input voltages." U.S. Patent No. 5,621,629. 15 Apr. 1997.
Clemente, Stefano, Brian R. Pelly, and Rutton Ruttonsha. "Switching power supply circuit having constant output for a wide range of input voltage." U.S. Patent No. 4,389,702. 21 Jun. 1983.
Strangman, G., Boas, D. A., & Sutton, J. P. (2002). Non-invasive neuroimaging using near-infrared light. Biological psychiatry, 52(7), 679-693.
Massa, G. D., Kim, H. H., Wheeler, R. M., & Mitchell, C. A., Plant productivity in response to LED lighting. HortScience, 43(7), 1951-1956 ,2008.
Carr, G. L., Reffner, J. A., & Williams, G. P., Performance of an infrared microspectrometer at the NSLS. Review of Scientific Instruments, 66(2), 1490-1492, 1995.
Anadi A. Martel , Light Modulation: A new way of looking at lighting, Professionalş lighting Design magazine no:57, pp:1-4, sept., 2007.
Schultz, Thomas J., and Alan J. Campbell. "Apparatus and method for remote sensing and receiving." U.S. Patent No. 6,357,292. 19 Mar. 2002.
Parker, I. D., Y. Cao, and C. Y. Yang. "Lifetime and degradation effects in polymer light-emitting diodes." Journal of applied physics 85.4 (1999): 2441-2447.
Paetzold, R., Heuser, K., Henseler, D., Roeger, S., Wittmann, G., & Winnacker, A. (2003). Performance of flexible polymeric light-emitting diodes under bending conditions. Applied physics letters, 82(19), 3342-3344.
Boylestad, Robert L., Louis Nashelsky, and Franz Monssen. Electronic devices and circuit theory. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006.
Wilson, B. "Recent developments in current conveyors and current-mode circuits." IEE Proceedings G-Circuits, Devices and Systems 137.2 (1990): 63-77.
Bogart, Theodore F., Jeffrey S. Beasley, and Guillermo Rico. Electronic devices and circuits. Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2004.
Streetman, Ben G., and Sanjay Banerjee. Solid state electronic devices. Vol. 2. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1995.
www.vishay.com/docs/81926/tsop4038.pdf, last Access: 03.01.2016.
http://www.eem.com.tr/pdfs/ij01yv.pdf, last access: 03.01.2016.
www.efo.ru/components/tyco/.../9-1773450-2_GPR-Cat_part_2.pdf, last access: 03.01.2016.
http://www3.panasonic.biz/ac/ae/fasys/sensor/photoelectric/rt-610/size_figure/index.jsp last access: 03.01.2016