Enhancing Energy Efficiency of Existing High-Rise Buildings: A Comprehensive Review

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  • Emaan Ishaq University of Central Punjab
  • Burhan Ahmad University of Central Punjab
  • Muhammad Ayyaz Haider Bhatti University of Central Punjab


Existing High-Rise Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Sustainability, Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Building Envelope


The energy crisis stemming from insufficient infrastructure, reliance on non-renewable sources,
inefficient policies, population growth and urbanization has led to a persistent shortage of electricity.
Buildings, particularly high-rise structures consume nearly half of the total energy largely due to airconditioning, lighting and elevators. Improving the energy efficiency of existing high-rise buildings is
crucial for combating climate change, reducing harmful emissions and promoting sustainability. Energy
efficient buildings also enhance indoor comfort and health. With the increasing reliance on energy resources
and the depletion of deposits finding better ways to make buildings more energy efficient is imperative.
Challenges in achieving energy efficiency in high-rise buildings include their complexity, diverse uses and
limited space for renewable energy systems. Basic building methods such as orientation and natural
ventilation along with advanced heating, cooling and lighting systems are essential for smart energy use.
Retrofitting of existing buildings with energy saving technology is crucial for reducing energy
consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and ensuring long-term sustainability while adhering to regulations
and environmental standards. The use of tools like building information modelling (BIM) can aid in
designing energy efficient buildings. Architects and engineers are focusing on various methods to save
energy in tall buildings such as optimizing cooling and heating systems. The building envelope, particularly
windows plays a significant role in regulating temperature and energy usage. Upgrading buildings with
improved window systems can substantially reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions. As energy
resources dwindle and the desire for comfortable living persists, it is essential to prioritize energy efficiency
in high-rise buildings.


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Author Biographies

Emaan Ishaq, University of Central Punjab

Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan

Burhan Ahmad, University of Central Punjab

Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan

Muhammad Ayyaz Haider Bhatti, University of Central Punjab

Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan


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How to Cite

Ishaq, E., Ahmad, B., & Bhatti, M. A. H. (2024). Enhancing Energy Efficiency of Existing High-Rise Buildings: A Comprehensive Review. International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches, 8(5), 83–92. Retrieved from https://as-proceeding.com/index.php/ijanser/article/view/1887

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