Investigating Impact of Carbon Dioxide Concentration on Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855 [Hemiptera (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)]Egg Hatching: A Response Surface Methodology Approach

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  • İnanç Özgen Fırat University
  • Ercan Aydoğmuş Fırat University
  • Cenk Yanen Fırat University
  • Murat Topal Munzur University


Halyomorpha halys, carbon dioxide application, egg hatchability, response surface methodology, optimization


Nowadays, due to global warming, both carbon dioxide (CO2) rise and temperature increase occur. Such climate changes have significant effects on living things. In this research, the reproduction and egg formation of Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855, also known as the hazelnut pest in the Black Sea Region in our country, was monitored. An air-conditioning cabinet and CO2 application system suitable for global climate change were developed and the hatching status of the eggs of this pest was examined. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate and optimize the effects of multiple variables in experimental studies. With this method, necessary evaluations were made in planning the experiments, collecting data, and analyzing the results. RSM, mathematical modeling, and optimization techniques enable us to understand the results of experiments better and optimize processes. In this study, the hatching number of Halyomorpha halys eggs with CO2 applications has been evaluated with RSM. The effectiveness of experimental working conditions, carbon dioxide ratio, and carbon dioxide application time have been determined by RSM. Statistical analysis has been performed in RSM to evaluate the compatibility of real data and model values. Especially when Halyamorpha halys eggs were monitored, egg hatching was observed on the 4th day (96th hour) and 5th day (120th hour). According to the results, increasing the carbon dioxide concentration (ppm) decreased the number of eggs hatched.


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Author Biographies

İnanç Özgen, Fırat University

Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Elazığ, Türkiye

Ercan Aydoğmuş, Fırat University

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Elazığ, Türkiye

Cenk Yanen, Fırat University

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Elazığ, Türkiye

Murat Topal, Munzur University

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Processing Technologies, Tunceli Vocational School, Tunceli, Türkiye


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How to Cite

Özgen, İnanç, Aydoğmuş, E., Yanen, C., & Topal, M. (2024). Investigating Impact of Carbon Dioxide Concentration on Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855 [Hemiptera (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)]Egg Hatching: A Response Surface Methodology Approach. International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches, 8(5), 371–377. Retrieved from

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