A Comprehensive Review of Different Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques
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Keywords:Grey Wolf Optimizer, Maximum Power Point Tracking, Global Maximum Power Point, Incremental Conductance, Diode Current, Shunt Current
The greatest amount of electricity that is accessible must always be extracted in order to operate photovoltaic (PV) systems effectively. Determining the maximum available power is a time-varying challenge since environmental factors like irradiation, temperature, and shading can change fast. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) strategies are suggested in order to extract the maximum possible power and track the ideal power point under these varied environmental conditions. The use of MPPT to extract the most power is essential for creating effective PV systems. Because it is clean and pollution-free, solar energy has gained a lot of interest. However, the solar array cannot operate uniformly at the maximum power point due to the partially shadowed state, resulting in a significant power loss. These MPPT approaches have a number of drawbacks and limitations, especially when there is partial shadowing brought on by uneven environmental circumstances. An overview of various maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods for photovoltaic (PV) systems is given in this paper. This thorough analysis of MPPT techniques seeks to give electricity companies and researchers a resource and direction for choosing the optimum MPPT technique for typical operating and partially shaded PV systems based on efficiency and financial viability.
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